OPTIMIZING INPATIENT MEDICAL CARE TAKING INTO ACCOUNT EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE
Improvement of the inpatient medical care is among the most actively discussed healthcare problems. Hospitals as a key element of the healthcare system consume 40% to 70% of the consolidated healthcare budget (in different countries); a considerable part of medical and nursing staff is employed there. A large volume of the specialized medical care is provided at inpatient settings with the majority of high technology interventions being done inpatient. As a rule, the departments of medical universities are located in inpatient settings and the innovative and implementation work is actively conducted there. At the same time, the inpatient care is often less available to the ‘population as compared to the outpatient care. An optimum paradigm of the inpatient-to-outpatient care ratio is not proposed anywhere in the world. It is generally accepted that one of the components of solving this problem is the inpatient service activity optimization basing on the main principles of the healthcare policy — the provided care availability, quality and efficiency. In the article, the database of the WHO Regional Office for Europe “Health for All” and official statistical reports of the Ministry of Public Health of the Republic of Belarus are used in order to analyze some trends in developing the inpatient medical care (in the Republic of Belarus including).