GRODNO REGION DOCTORS’ AWARENESS OF AND ATTITUDE TO POSTHUMOUS ORGAN AND TISSUE DONATION
Objective. Studying of doctors’ representations about and attitudes to posthumous donation and determining the organ donation prospects for development in the Republic of Belarus.
Materials and methods. The empirical information obtaining was based on the results of the doctors survey in Grodno region according a representative sample developed by the researchers (n=1073). The survey was conducted in 40 health care facilities in 17 towns of Grodno region in November 2016.
Results. Despite the declared organ donation high enough approval, there is a problem of doctors’ insufficient awareness about the organ donation. It is evidenced by the respondents’ low awareness about the current principles of the will expression and the basic principles of the posthumous donation system functioning in the Republic of Belarus. Doctors have difficulties answering questions related to their possibility to become organs’ donors or taking decisions on the organs removal from their family members after death. Doctors demonstrate a reserved demeanor and unwillingness to discuss the problem with their families. A problem of insufficient brain death conclusions in the intensive care units due to the doctors’ lack of confidence to this process.
Conclusion. Lack of information among doctors and the population generates a variety of prejudices, a negative attitude towards the posthumous donation leading ultimately to the number of organs transplanted restriction, complicates the transplant doctors’ work, promotes barriers emergence in treating people the organ transplantation is the last chance to recover for.