GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES PREVENTION AND TREATMENT
The marginal periodontal diseases are in the first place among other pathologies of the dento-facial system and lead to teeth loss and severe functional disorders. The disease treatment and prevention is based on the microbial biofilm removal. In addition, restoration of the occlusal balance, creation of a functional balance between the periodontitis and the adjacent tissue structures, elimination of periodontal pockets is the periodontist’s important task. A comprehensive approach to these patients treatment consists in undertaking conservative measures associated primarily with the oral hygiene (personal and professional) and antimicrobial therapy. The next step stipulates the traumatic occlusion management, the teeth splinting, oral prosthetics, and finally, a surgical treatment aimed at removing the soft tissue abnormalities in the vestibule of the oral cavity, the periodontal pockets elimination.