CHILDISH ATTENTION DEFICIT/ HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER: NEW APPROACHES TO PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT
The review of the literature is devoted to one of the most significant problems of child psychiatry -attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Transformation of the specialists' views on the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of ADHD is presented. The modern ADHD neuropsychological concepts and the pathophysiological mechanisms of the clinical symptoms are specified. The changes in the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, the comorbid mental disorders aspects are covered. Conceptually new approaches to the ADHD children medical rehabilitation based on violations of the basic criteria of life, rehabilitation potential and prognosis are presented.